Celebrate Black History Month!

"We must never forget that Black History is American History." ~ Yvette Clarke, U.S. Congresswoman

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       We here at Guitar Girl Magazine want to share why we celebrate Black History Month.
Photo by Rhythmic Images Photography
In our efforts to be more diverse and inclusive in the artists that we showcase, we would like to introduce you to GuitarGabby who is taking on our Diversity & Inclusion initiatives as our newly appointed Diversity Editor. Based in the Atlanta area, we met Gabby in 2017 and have since forged a relationship where she provides content, gear reviews, “Being a Boss” series, and helps us shines a light on women of color in the music industry. Learn more about Guitar Gabby in this interview from 2017 Atlanta Guitarist Gabriella Logan (aka) Guitar Gabby of Txlips Band Talks Music, Guitars and Black Girl Magic and catch up on more recent updates as she is the Founder, Manager, Lawyer of TxLips Band, LLC. and Board Chair of Girls Rock Asheville. A big shout out to Guitar Gabby and all of her contributions and support of Guitar Girl Magazine.
“Black history is American history. There would be no American music without the contributions of Black people throughout history. I plan on following in the footsteps of the great men and womxn that came before me in this industry and my goal is to uphold the shared values of representation and education for the youth that come behind us.” ~ Guitar Gabby & The TxLips Band, LLC. (Diversity Editor)
So many Black creators were not given their due credit throughout history, so we must do everything we can to honor their contributions today. ~ Alex Nicole Windsor (Contributing Editor)
Not only is it essential that we raise awareness of the important roles Black people in history like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., Harriet Tubman, and so many others before and after who fought for social justice, it’s vital that we teach the history of Black music—its roots and influences that are so ever-present in our music across all genres. Women of color that played guitar in a male-dominated industry were overlooked and not given their due credit. Very technically skilled guitarists like Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Lady Bo, Elizabeth Cotten, Memphis Minnie, Beverly “Guitar” Watkins, and others need to be remembered and honored so they can inspire young girls and female-identifying individuals of color to let them know they have a place in today’s music and deserve to be treated equally! With the recent opening of the National Museum of African American Music in Nashville, Tennessee, visitors will learn more about the beginnings and stories of musicians in the Black community. ~ Tara Low (Founder and Editor-in-Chief)
Black history is a very significant part of U.S. history, yet it has often been ignored. One telling example is the music festival in Harlem that currently is featured in Ahmir “Questlove” Thompson’s documentary, “Summer of Soul.” A festival that took place just as the Woodstock festival—with primarily white artists—was winding down, featuring musical giants like Sly & The Family Stone, Mavis Staples, and Mahalia Jackson. Woodstock was described as a “transformational event” while the festival in Harlem, which drew huge crowds, was forgotten… until Thompson created his documentary. That is insane, and that is one reason why Black History Month is important to celebrate. ~ Nikki O’Neill (Contributing Editor)

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Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Gibson and Rock and Roll

SISTER ROSETTA THARPE (1915-1973) US Gospel singer about 1940 – Photo in public domain
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The Women Behind ‘Songs of Our Native Daughters’

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Eight of Blues Most Influential Artists

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Elizabeth “Libba” Cotten

Elizabeth Cotten and her guitar ‘Stella,’ on-set of the Documentary “Me and Stella: A film about Elizabeth Cotten” November 16, 1977
Widely remembered for her everlasting tune “Freight Train,” Elizabeth “Libba” Cotten was an American blues and folk musician whose impact can be heard within the soulful strumming of The Grateful Dead and Americana essence of Bob Dylan. Recognized as a “living treasure” by the Smithsonian Institution, Cotten was a self-taught, left-handed guitarist whose unique strumming was later trademarked as “Cotton Style.” After being discouraged by her church during her teenage years to discontinue playing what they considered to be the work of the devil, Cotten respected their wishes and put down the instrument. She went on to marry and have a child and would later on only occasionally play at church. It wasn’t until 25 years later that she would revive her love of the instrument. Cotten’s first album wasn’t released until she was 62 years old. Despite the late professional start, and due to the folk revival of the 1960s, Cotten toured throughout the United States, playing shows the likes of the Newport Folk Festival (“The Kingston Trio Lineup, Biography”). Prior to her passing in 1987, Cotten received a Grammy for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording; she was ninety years old at the time.

Sister Rosetta Tharpe

Photo in public domain
SISTER ROSETTA THARPE (1915-1973) US Gospel singer about 1940
Crowned the Godmother of Rock N’ Roll, Sister Rosetta Tharpe rattled conventions throughout the 1930s and ‘40s when she unabashedly exposed women to be soulful, gritty singers and passionate, well-practiced guitarists. At the tender age of six, Tharpe began performing throughout the south with her mother’s gospel evangelist troupe. After relocating to Chicago, it became apparent that Tharpe’s southern roots style began to absorb the chi-town blues sound, producing a unique and captivating quality to Tharpe’s music. Beyond being a female African American guitarist throughout a time of heavy racial prejudice, controversy arose in Tharpe’s career as she strove to perform for both religious and secular audiences, as well as when the news of her same-sex romantic relationships became public. Persevering beyond the many hurdles, Tharpe’s most celebrated songs are “Rock Me” and “Strange Things Happening Every Day,” which became the first gospel single to cross over onto the Billboard charts. A resurgence for Blues in the United Kingdom emerged in the 1960s allotting Tharpe an opportunity at a long and prosperous career. Her influence over musicians such as Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Bob Dylan, and Eric Clapton prove Tharpe’s strong and lasting impression on music, which recently led to her induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2018.

Memphis Minnie

Photo in public domain
Elizabeth Douglas, better known as Memphis Minnie, claimed her title as Queen of Country Blues by beginning her 200-song recording career in the 1920s. Minnie was notorious for out-playing the boys while simultaneously presenting herself in fancy dresses and a flawless face of makeup. Always evolving, Minnie took her traditional southern blues style and transitioned to Chicago, where she became one of the first performers to plug in and go electric. Remembered for her storytelling lyrics and impressive guitar picking skills, Minnie is credited as an important contributor towards the R&B and Rock N’ Roll genres. Though a massive inspiration for men and women alike, female musicians such as LaVern Baker, Maria Muldaur, Bonnie Raitt, Rory Block, and Tracy Nelson have credited Minnie as a trailblazer who greatly influenced their careers. Beverly “Guitar” Watkins
Beverly “Guitar” Watkins “Don’t Mess with Miss Watkins” album artwork
Inspired by the successful female blues musicians of the 1930s and 40s, Beverly “Guitar” Watkins taught herself to play the guitar by listening to her mother’s records. Watkins spent the early 1960s performing rhythm guitar with Piano Red & the Interns. She can be heard playing on their singles, “Doctor Feelgood” and “Right String But The Wrong Yo-Yo.” Watkins then joined Eddie Tigner and the Ink Spots, which later led to her residency with Leroy Redding & the Houserockers. It wasn’t until the rise of the internet in the 1990s that Watkins was rediscovered and began gaining the recognition that she had long deserved. In 1998, she was part of the Women of the Blues “Hot Mamas” tour with Koko Taylor and Rory Block, and her 1999 solo debut, Back in Business, earned her a W. C. Handy Award nomination. Watkins remains an influential blues guitarist, as she can still be caught jamming in Atlanta, Georgia clubs to this very day.

Peggy “Lady Bo” Jones

Used with permission by Lady Bo’s family.
Peggy Jones, aka Lady Bo, grew up in New York City where she attended Manhattan’s High School for the Performing Arts. Initially focusing her studies on opera, tap dance, and ballet, it wasn’t until a run-in with Bo Diddley that her guitar aspirations began to take flight. Diddley quickly recognized the raw talent and potential behind Jones’ playing, and soon after their initial meeting asked her to join his backup band. This relationship blossomed into a beautiful exchange of style and technique, to the point where it became nearly impossible to decipher the difference between Diddley and Jones’ sound. Jones departed from Diddley’s band in 1961, forming her own group, The Jewels, who went on to become one of the most popular touring bands on the East Coast. When Jones eventually reunited with Diddley in 1970, the crowd was so overcome with excitement that they began chanting “Lady Bo,” cementing her beloved nickname and undeniable link to Bo Diddley. Though remembered as a sturdy pillar within Diddley’s legendary career, Jones deserves individual recognition as a forerunner within rhythm and blues music as well as an outstanding innovative female guitarist. Odetta
National Archives Archaeological Site (public domain) via Wikimedia Commons
Growing up in the Deep South within the era of the Great Depression, Odetta’s initial love with music blossomed through hearing the painfully honest tales sung by the struggling people throughout the 1930s. Continuing to be musical throughout her adolescence, Odetta eventually graduated from Los Angeles City College in 1950 with a degree in music. Soon after, while singing in a traveling chorus, Odetta found herself in San Francisco and deeply submerged in an obsession with folk music. Odetta gained notoriety with her first solo album Odetta Sings Ballads and Blues, as well as with her live recordings of her performance at Carnegie Hall. The 1960s proved to be Odetta’s most significant years. Throughout this time, Odetta used her influential voice to promote black equality. Performing at rallies and demonstrations, Odetta gave one of her most widely acclaimed appearances on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial after being introduced by Martin Luther King Jr. In 1999, Odetta was awarded the National Medal of Arts, in 2004 she was named a Kennedy Center Honoree, and in 2005 she received the Living Legend Award by the Library of Congress. Odetta’s music was so powerful that it would later be christened the “Soundtrack of the Civil Rights Movement” and go on to influence musicians and activists alike for generations.

Deborah Coleman

By Javier Díaz Barrera (originally posted to Flickr as Deborah Coleman) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
Deborah Coleman was eight years old when she picked up a bass after witnessing a televised performance by the Monkees. It wasn’t until her teenage years, when her love for Jimi Hendrix, Cream, and Led Zeppelin emerged, that she exchanged the bass for a guitar and began following the roots of rock ‘n’ roll back to the soulful basic blues. After performing with a series of R&B bands, Coleman had all but quit pursuing her musical career to raise her daughter. Returning to the limelight in 1985, Coleman collaborated with the all-female group Moxxie which began her experimentation into developing her own sound and eventually led her to join the R&B trio, Misbehavin. After minimal success, Coleman forged her own path when entering the Charleston Blues Festival’s National Amateur Talent Search. Taking first place in the competition, Coleman was awarded free studio time. This prize provided Coleman the opportunity to record her album, Takin’ A Stand, which was succinctly followed by a record deal. Coleman then produced a string of blues albums that initiated her win of the Orville Gibson Award for “Best Blues Guitarist, Female” in 2001, and four nominations for the W.C. Handy Award.

Etta Baker

Etta Baker was taught how to play guitar and banjo by her father, a skill that had been passed down in their family for generations. This kindred talent prompted her performances at local dances and parties, where she experimented with hymns, parlor music, rags, and Tin Pan Alley songs. She all but ceased live performances to raise her family, but in 1956, Baker contributed to Paul Clayton’s Instrumental Music of the Southern Appalachians. This album would go on to become one of the key influences towards the legendary Folk Revival of the 1960s. At age 60, Baker decided to professionally pursue her musical career and went on to become a smash hit in the international folk-festival circuit. Playing well into her 90s, as well as being awarded with the 1991 Folk Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts, Baker is celebrated for her iconic two-finger guitar picking style, driving rhythm, and undeniable impact within the folk and blues genres. For more information on the National Museum of African American Music, visit its website HERE, and for more on Black History Month, visit History.com